2017 February: The Beginning of Libraries

From the time of ancient civilizations such as Greece and Egypt, people have been keeping track of information about who they are and what they do; essentially building libraries. The following websites will provide you with some history about these early storage places.

http://www.zencollegelife.com/the-history-of-libraries-through-the-ages/

http://www.history-magazine.com/libraries.html

This site will give you a timeline of libraries from 3000 BC until 2012. By clicking on the various libraries, you can see who they are.

http://timerime.com/en/timeline/1244864/A+Brief+History+of+Libraries/

Before paper was invented, pictures and/or writings were put on clay tablets. This site will tell you about the first uses of clay tablets.

http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/educator/modules/gutenberg/books/early/

Ancient Clay Tablet

As civilization progressed, information began to be recorded on a scroll: a roll of papyrus, parchment or paper. This site will explain.

http://www.skypoint.com/members/waltzmn/WritingMaterials.html

People called “scribes” were specially trained to write the scrolls. This site will tell you about what it was like to be a scribe.

http://classroom.synonym.com/did-people-pay-scribes-ancient-egypt-11810.html

And this site will tell the kids all about the early scribes. There are also coloring pages & worksheets on the daily life of the Ancient Egyptians.

http://www.historyforkids.net/egyptian-scribes.html

The first scrolls were found by accident in 1947. Read all about it here.

https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/intr.html

The children who became scribes had to learn over 700 symbols. Here’s a site that will tell you how difficult it was to read and write the scrolls.

http://www.history.com/news/scientists-virtually-unroll-read-ancient-biblical-scroll

Ancient Scroll

The first libraries contained local information only. It wasn’t until the Library of Alexandria (put together by Alexandria the Great) that libraries became broader in nature and contained information and achievements from other areas. Go to these sites to learn more and see some pictures of this ancient library.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Library-of-Alexandria

http://www.crystalinks.com/libraryofalexandria.html

Charlemagne (742 – 814), a great educator, is credited with the development of school libraries. Under his realm, schools and school libraries were decreed as being necessary. Read all about it at this site.

https://sites.google.com/site/thecampaignerunbound/home/how-charlemagne-built-europe

Libraries have come a long way since these ancient times. Be sure to check over the Ellsworth Public Library calendar to find out more about upcoming events!